Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine, which means that it blocks the effects of histamine. Histamine is a naturally-occurring chemical that is produced in large amounts during an allergic reaction. This is what triggers a patient's symptoms. Individuals will be given different doses depending on their medical history, age, and the reason they are taking it. Children might have their dose adjusted based on their weight. The medicine should not be taken more often than prescribed.
Most patients will consider hydroxyzine as one of their meds for an allergic reaction. It is quite a common oral allergy medication, though it is also a prescription antihistamine. Patients may have tried strong over-the-counter antihistamines to relieve their allergies. It is also used as a medication for anxiety on a short-term basis. Some doctors prescribe it as a sedative for surgery as well. However, patients need to understand this medication and how it works before taking it.
How It Works
Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine, which is a class of medications that block the effects of histamine in the body. High levels of histamine are what lead to allergy symptoms. Typical symptoms include itching, redness, and watery eyes. In addition to interacting with histamine, this medication also decreases brain activity, which is why it is sometimes prescribed as a sedative. Hydroxyzine is taken orally and may come in liquid, tablet, or capsule form.
Patients are usually prescribed this medication anywhere from three to four times daily. The frequency will depend on the severity of the allergies and how well patients are responding to treatment. Patients need to follow the instructions their doctor and pharmacist gives them. A new prescription will come with directions on the label. There may also be an accompanying medication guide. If patients take hydroxyzine in suspension format, they must shake the liquid so that the medicine disperses evenly.
Get the details on the uses of this medication next.