Prednisone is a common corticosteroid and immunosuppressant that blocks the release of certain substances that trigger inflammation. It is a common medication prescribed for arthritis. However, before prescribing it, doctors need to know if the patient has diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, low potassium, depression, glaucoma, or osteoporosis. Patients should also let their doctor know if they have ever had tuberculosis or malaria. They should inform the doctor about any recent infections as well. As an immunosuppressant, prednisone can make it easier to get infections. It can also worsen the symptoms of existing infections.
Individuals who use prednisone could develop insomnia or mood changes. Weight gain often occurs as well. Patients have also reported nausea, bloating, stomach pain, acne, and thinning skin. During treatment with this medication, patients should not receive live vaccines. They should avoid alcohol consumption as well. Prednisone interacts with antifungals and some antibiotics. It also interacts with birth control pills, diuretics, anticonvulsants, and medications used to treat hepatitis C.