Metoprolol is a beta-blocker. Similar to others, it helps treat hypertension and chest pain. In addition, it may be prescribed to reduce the risk of hospitalization or death in heart failure patients. Most patients take metoprolol by mouth. In addition, emergency room personnel may administer it by injection to patients in the early stages of a heart attack. This drug is not suitable for certain patients. Examples include those with slow heart rates, sick sinus syndrome, heart block, severe circulation issues, or severe heart failure. In addition, doctors need to know if the patient has any heart, liver, or thyroid issues. Patients should also let their doctor know about any history of diabetes, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, breathing disorders, or pheochromocytoma.
Patients must take this medication at the same time each day, ideally with a meal. However, they can also take it immediately after a meal. Frequent medical tests and blood pressure checks are necessary during treatment. Some of the most common side effects of this medicine include depression, nightmares, insomnia, memory problems, confusion, and diarrhea. Patients must review their current medications with a doctor before taking this drug. This is because it has a variety of potential interactions. For instance, it can interact with epinephrine and certain antidepressants, such as selegiline. It also interacts with ergonovine, dihydroergotamine, and similar medicines.