Overview Of Medications For Gout

Allopurinol

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Allopurinol is a medicine that can help reduce the risk of complications from gout. It restricts the amount of uric acid that the body makes. This lowers the amount of uric acid in the patient's blood, potentially reducing the risk of gout symptoms. Allopurinol is not designed for the treatment of gout attacks. Generally, it is recommended for patients who already have some complications from gout, including kidney stones, tophi, joint damage, or chronic kidney disease. This medication is particularly beneficial for patients who have several episodes of gout each year. It may be considered for patients who have severe pain during gout attacks as well. 

The most frequently reports side effects of this medication are skin rashes, diarrhea, and nausea. Patients should check their skin regularly for changes. They should inform their doctor immediately if they notice any signs of a rash. The skin rashes associated with allopurinol may be flat or raised. Both types of rashes need to be reported to a doctor. During treatment with this medicine, patients should contact their doctor right away if they develop joint swelling, stiffness, or pain. 

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Emily Fowler
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