Gout is a type of arthritis. It develops due to a buildup of urate in the joints. The condition can cause intense joint pain, and the affected areas may become swollen or red. Along with the big toe, the ankles, knees, fingers, wrists, and elbows are the most commonly affected areas. Most patients experience symptoms at night. The symptoms tend to appear suddenly. Generally, the joint pain will be severe for the first four to twelve hours. Discomfort could continue for several days or weeks. Gout patients who have had this condition for an extended period could notice a reduced range of motion in the affected joints. Doctors may perform blood tests, x-rays, joint fluid tests, dual-energy CT scans, and ultrasounds to diagnose gout.
Many patients will take prescription medicine for gout pain. This often includes anti-inflammatory medicine for gout, or even uric acid lowering medicine. Certain individuals may also be prescribed ointment for gout pain. Natural remedies for gout may also be helpful, and they typically include following a gout diet. Of course, patients will still have to take gout control medications at least occasionally, so it is best to understand how they work.
Colchicine is used to reduce the pain associated with acute gout symptoms. Patients may also take a daily low dose of colchicine to prevent future gout attacks. This medication is taken orally. It works by reducing the accumulation of uric acid crystals. Colchicine also reduces swelling in the affected joints. To ensure that this medication is safe for the patient's needs, doctors will want to know if they have a history of kidney or liver disease.
Patients should also let their doctor know if they take digoxin or medicines to reduce cholesterol. Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain are some of the most common side effects of colchicine. Some individuals could experience severe diarrhea, muscle weakness, shortness of breath, or numbness in the fingers or toes while taking this medicine. If these side effects occur, patients should let their doctor know right away.
Continue reading to learn about more medications for gout now.
Allopurinol is a medicine that can help reduce the risk of complications from gout. It restricts the amount of uric acid that the body makes. This lowers the amount of uric acid in the patient's blood, potentially reducing the risk of gout symptoms. Allopurinol is not designed for the treatment of gout attacks. Generally, it is recommended for patients who already have some complications from gout, including kidney stones, tophi, joint damage, or chronic kidney disease. This medication is particularly beneficial for patients who have several episodes of gout each year. It may be considered for patients who have severe pain during gout attacks as well.
The most frequently reports side effects of this medication are skin rashes, diarrhea, and nausea. Patients should check their skin regularly for changes. They should inform their doctor immediately if they notice any signs of a rash. The skin rashes associated with allopurinol may be flat or raised. Both types of rashes need to be reported to a doctor. During treatment with this medicine, patients should contact their doctor right away if they develop joint swelling, stiffness, or pain.
Uncover information on more medications for gout now.