Antidepressants are used to treat depression, anxiety, other mood disorders, and a variety of physical health conditions. Antidepressants that work correctly can relieve depression symptoms and are an integral part of treatment. The medications alter the chemical balances in the brain so the brain will have the correct number of neurotransmitters. Like any medication, antidepressants have some potential side effects. If the side effects are serious enough to be inhibiting an individual's day-to-day life, they should talk to their doctor about changing their dose or switching medications. If individuals start experiencing unusual mood swings, irrational behaviors, or thoughts of suicide, they should get in contact with their doctor immediately. Many common and non-dangerous side effects can be mitigated through at-home treatment or minor medication adjustments.
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There are multiple different types of antidepressants, and nausea is a potential side effect of nearly all of them. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed type of antidepressant, and they're also the most common type associated with nausea, which may be bad enough to induce vomiting. Most patients find the nausea is worst when they first start a medication, and it may subside after they've taken it for a while. Some patients do find their nausea and vomiting are so persistent and severe that they need to stop taking their antidepressant.
It's rare for antidepressants to cause toxic effects within the digestive tract. Instead, vomiting and nausea are caused by the medication's effect on an individual's central nervous system. With SSRIs, however, the body produces increased serotonin in both the digestive system and brain, which can lead to nausea from both sides. Taking the medication with food can help, as can taking it at bedtime. Antacids can reduce acid reflux symptoms, while ginger ale can soothe the stomach.
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