If individuals suffer from hypertension, more commonly known as high blood pressure, it can be challenging to choose the right medication. As patients make essential lifestyle changes, such as dietary changes, reducing salt in their diet, regularly exercising, and quitting smoking, they may require medications to better control their blood pressure and reduce their risk of complications. The most successful medication for a single patient will depend on several factors, including their current blood pressure reading and their overall health.
When angiotensin is produced in the body, this hormone causes blood vessels to narrow. When taking angiotensin-converting enzymes (ACE) inhibitors, production decreases. Essentially, ACE inhibitors help relax the blood vessels by blocking the formation of angiotensin, which causes them to narrow. In turn, patients experience lower blood pressure. Some common examples include lisinopril, benazepril, captopril, fosinopril, perindopril, enalapril, and ramipril. Individuals with chronic kidney disease may also greatly benefit from taking an ACE inhibitor as well.