How To Spot Pick’s Disease (Frontotemporal Dementia)

Pick’s disease is one of three dementias classed as frontotemporal dementias; they are all associated with shrinking temporal and frontal anterior lobes of the brain. The other two frontotemporal dementias are semantic dementia and primary progressive aphasia. All three dementias have some genetic causes, for they often run in families. Pick’s disease can also be sporadic, which means it can have no known cause.

The symptoms of Pick’s disease fall into two broad categories: difficulties with language and behavioral changes. Unlike other dementias, such as Alzheimer’s disease, memory is not affected until the disease has become quite advanced. The patient’s spatial awareness also remains intact. Get to know some of the major warning signs of Pick’s disease now.

Lack Of Social Tact

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The frontal lobe of the brain, which is located behind the forehead, helps control an individual’s impulses and behavior. As Pick’s disease shrinks and otherwise damages this part of the brain, the patient gradually develops a lack of social tact. They can become completely uninhibited in their behavior as they lose their sense of what is and is not inappropriate. They can become far more sexually demonstrative than they should be.

Similarly, they can start saying mean or rude things to others, as they no longer have a filter. Individuals with Pick’s disease generally begin showing symptoms in middle age. Consequently, Dr. Katherine Rankin, a professor of neurology at the University of California, San Francisco, urges individuals over forty years old to see a neurologist if they start experiencing behavioral or personality changes.

Get to know more ways to spot Pick’s disease now.