A personality disorder is a condition that causes maladaptive disturbances in an individual's thought processes, emotional processing, and behaviors. These conditions have specific diagnostic criteria. However, individuals with personality disorders can have very different symptom presentations, backgrounds, relationships, goals, and individual experiences.
Thankfully, patients have a variety of options for personality disorder treatment. Patients often require medication for personality disorders, such as mood stabilizers. Psychotherapy for personality disorders is another common treatment. However, the best treatment for personality disorder depends on the type that a patient has. This is why individuals need to understand the major types of personality disorders now.
Paranoid Personality Disorder
Paranoid personality disorder is characterized by paranoia and intense mistrust of others. These feelings apply even when there is no reason for them. This is the essential characteristic of the disorder. Most patients begin to show symptoms during their childhood or early teen years. In addition, men seem to develop it more often than women.
This condition does not have an exact known cause. However, researchers believe it involves a combination of psychological and biological factors. There may be a genetic link to it as well. The reason for this is that individuals are more likely to develop this condition if they have a family member with a delusional disorder. In addition, early childhood experiences like emotional and physical trauma can influence the development of this disorder. Patients with paranoid personality disorder tend to be very guarded. They believe others are trying to demean or harm or threaten them.
Continue reading to learn more about the major types of personality disorders now.