Abdominal pain is characterized by pain located between the pelvic region and the chest. Organs located within the abdominal area that may be affected include the kidneys, large and small intestines, spleen, appendix, gallbladder, stomach, pancreas and liver.
Abdominal pain may be an indication of inflammation, disease, blockage, or abnormal growths. Infections such as bacterial, parasitic, or viral may also cause abdominal pain. Other causes of abdominal pain may include constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, kidney infection, the stomach flu, stress, and acid reflux.
Abdominal pain that is characterized by cramps may be due to menstruation in women, diarrhea, constipation, gas, or bloating. Many times, abdominal cramps are the result of eating a food that is not easily digested or is high in fiber. Drinking a large amount of water may help reduce pain associated with eating the wrong foods. Women who experience abdominal cramps may find this to be a normal symptom of menstruation. It may also indicate complications in female reproductive organs.