Cysts are pockets of tissue filled with substances such as air, fluid, and pus. They can occur in nearly any part of the body or underneath the skin. Many different kinds of cysts exist. The majority of cysts are benign, though some can be cancerous. Cancerous cysts need immediate treatment. Dermatologists are often the doctors who diagnose cysts and help determine the appropriate treatment for patients. For those dealing with cysts, it is essential to find a reliable treatment that works.
There are many available cyst treatments. Corticosteroid injections for cysts are quite common. Some patients will use topical ointments or antibiotics for cystic acne and other cysts. Of course, certain types will need cyst drainage with a needle or cyst removal surgery. Patients must know what type of cyst they have to receive the best possible treatment for their cyst.
A sebaceous cyst is a common type of benign cyst found on the skin. Most sebaceous cysts are located on the chest, neck, or face. They are not life-threatening, and they tend to have slow growth cycles. If sebaceous cysts continue to grow unchecked, they may lead to discomfort. Sebaceous cysts form from the sebaceous gland, which is the gland that produces the oils in the skin and hair. If the gland or duct through which the gland releases oil becomes blocked or damaged, a cyst can develop.
The most common cause of a blocked or damaged gland is an injury. Some traumas can be so small that individuals barely notice them, like a scratch. Others may be chronic skin conditions, such as acne. Surgical wounds may also cause trauma to the sebaceous gland that leads to a cyst. Some individuals may not notice the growth of the cyst until weeks or months after the injury occurs. Other common causes of sebaceous cysts include a deformed or misshapen duct. Some individuals may develop them due to genetic conditions.
Keep reading for more information on the different types of cysts now.