Retinol products can help reduce signs of skin aging, including sagging skin. Many of them are available over-the-counter, although more powerful formations require a prescription. Derived from vitamin A, retinol helps increase the production of collagen and elastin. It also improves the turnover rate of skin cells. Retinol is used in many different serums, creams, spot treatments, and other skincare products. However, any product with retinol or retinoid should only be applied at night. They make the skin more sensitive to the sun. Since retinol can cause irritation and dryness for some individuals, it is important to start slowly when using a product with retinol for the first time. Individuals should also begin with a weaker retinol product to avoid irritation.
After cleansing the skin, patients should apply a pea-sized amount of their chosen product. They should also only use it once or twice a week initially. Patients should watch for any redness or skin flaking. After the first few weeks, patients can start applying the product more frequently, such as twice a week for another few weeks. They can gradually work up to daily use. If signs of irritation occur, users may want to stop using that particular product and consider switching to a different formulation. Retinol products need to be used daily for several months. Generally, it takes three to six months of daily use to notice improvements in the skin. Optimal results are typically seen within one year of use.
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