Hyperkeratosis is a skin condition that occurs due to an overgrowth of a tough, fibrous protein called keratin. This protein can be found in the skin, hair, and fingernails. The overgrowth causes patches of thickened skin to appear in the skin’s outer layer. Hyperkeratosis can result from inflammation, pressure, or irritation to the skin. Some types are inherited conditions. Many conditions can cause keratin to overgrow, such as eczema and psoriasis. Other forms of hyperkeratosis include warts, corns, calluses, keratosis pilaris, leukoplakia, follicular hyperkeratosis, and epidermolytic hyperkeratosis. Most forms of this condition are manageable with preventive measures and medication. Patients should see a doctor if their condition causes pain or discomfort or if they notice suspicious lesions, especially if they are red, swollen, or have any other signs of infection. Learn how to treat hyperkeratosis now.
Topical Corticosteroid Treatment
Topical corticosteroid treatment consists of creams, solutions, ointments, and foam made with corticosteroids. These topical treatments help relieve the itching and reduce the inflammation of conditions like eczema and lichen planus. Eczema causes patches of dry, scaly skin to develop, and lichen planus causes the white patches that grow on the inside of the mouth. Mild cases of eczema can be treated with over-the-counter treatments, and more potent steroids may be prescribed for severe rashes. Topical corticosteroid treatment is very effective for eczema flare-ups. Patients should keep the affected areas moisturized to lessen the risk of future episodes. Some corticosteroids have side effects like stretch marks and thinning skin, but they’re rarely an issue if medications are taken as directed.
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