A maculopapular rash is a skin condition with two different types of skin lesions. Macules are flat, discolored lesions, and papules are raised, often red lesions. In a maculopapular rash, these two types merge into large patches and plaques. The majority of maculopapular rashes are due to viral infections, and these types of rashes can indicate allergic reactions, infections, and serious illnesses. A primary care doctor or dermatologist should always investigate maculopapular rashes.
Along with the rash, patients may also experience a fever, dry skin, breathing difficulties, headaches, vomiting, and muscle pain. To determine the cause, doctors will ask patients about their health history and medication history. The rash will be visually inspected, and sometimes a biopsy may be needed. The treatment options described below may be beneficial for patients who have a maculopapular rash.
A maculopapular rash may sometimes be an indication of an allergic reaction to a particular medication or food. Patients experiencing this may need to take antihistamines to help stop the reaction. Antihistamines reduce itching, hives, and breathing issues associated with allergic reactions. Depending on the type of antihistamine used, potential side effects include confusion, blurred vision, drowsiness, dry mouth, irritability, restlessness, and trouble urinating. When using an antihistamine, patients should mention high blood pressure, kidney problems, heart disease, and liver problems to their physicians, and they may need to use antihistamines with caution. In addition to antihistamines, some patients may need to use epinephrine injection pens.
Keep reading for more simple tips on how to treat a maculopapular rash now.