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What Causes Gastritis?

Damaged Stomach Lining

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An individual who has a damaged stomach lining may develop gastritis due to the defect in their stomach tissues. Someone who eats too much spicy food can experience cumulative damage in their stomach, which produces a weakness in the lining. An individual who uses tobacco products can develop gastritis because the smoke from tobacco can cause damage to their stomach lining. Someone who experiences chronic infections in their stomach tissues from bacteria and viruses can develop gastritis from damage inflicted on their stomach lining. Gastritis can develop in patients who have undergone certain major surgeries that have caused damage to their stomach lining. The stomach lining can become damaged when an individual's immune system has an abnormal reaction and inappropriately attacks it. This mechanism is referred to as autoimmune precipitated gastritis. Chronic bile reflux can cause an individual to incur damage in their stomach lining from bile backing up into their stomach repeatedly. When the stomach lining becomes weakened due to any of these mechanisms, the acidic contents can penetrate the underlying tissues and produce inflammation (gastritis).

Read more about the different triggers for gastritis now.

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