When digested food stops moving or considerably slows down through a region of the intestines, the condition is called blind loop syndrome. This results in a bacteria overgrowth in the intestines and causes the body to have difficulty with absorbing nutrients. In blind loop syndrome, the affected part of the intestine is unable to absorb fat and fat-soluble vitamins because the bile salts or the substances required to digest fats do not work correctly. This causes the individual to have excessive fatty stools and a vitamin B12 deficiency. Medical imaging tests such as a CT scan and X-rays are commonly used to diagnose blind loop syndrome. Treatment for blind loop syndrome will most often begin with treating the excess growth of bacteria with antibiotics. If that measure proves ineffective, a surgical procedure may be required to restore the flow of food through the intestines.
There are several causes and risk factors for blind loop syndrome. Learn about them now.
Small Intestine Region Structural Issues
Small intestine region structural issues can cause an individual to develop blind loop syndrome. These types of anatomical abnormalities can be congenital, develop over several years, or could be the result of an abdominal injury. One common structural issue that leads to blind loop syndrome is called diverticulosis. Diverticulosis is when the inner layer of the intestine pushes through vulnerable or weak areas in the intestine's outer lining, which results in little pouches called diverticula that bulge out of the intestine and obstruct the normal flow of food. Another structural issue that can result in blind loop syndrome is jejunal atresia, which is a congenital condition where the membrane connecting the intestines to the abdominal wall is deformed or missing. This often causes the intestines to become displaced to where food is unable to flow through them properly. Gastroschisis is another structural congenital condition that can result in the development of blind loop syndrome. It is a herniated section of intestine that appears on the outside abdominal surface because the abdominal cavity is too small and not covered with a membranous sac. The herniated organs have to be placed back into the abdomen surgically and can result in complications like blind loop syndrome.
Learn more about the causes and risk factors for blind loop syndrome now.