What Exactly Is A Hernia?

When the muscles in a certain area of the body become weaker, it is difficult for them to hold the organs in their appropriate spots throughout the individual's system, which eventually causes these body parts to move forward. This sometimes causes a protrusion in the abdomen or pelvic area, which is known as a hernia. Hernias usually do not cause large amounts of discomfort and are known for being easily diagnosed by medical professionals. There are different types of hernias, so getting a proper analysis is important in determining further treatment plans.

Types Of Hernias

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When a muscle that holds organs in place becomes too weak, a hernia or bulge of organ tissue that pushes through the muscle wall can occur. There are various types of hernias, and they are classified based on the location in which they occur. When parts of an individual's intestine protrude into a weak area in the muscles that hold the abdominal organs in place, it is called an inguinal hernia. When tissue bulges through the muscle wall in the inner thigh region or groin, it is called a femoral hernia. An umbilical hernia is a type of hernia that occurs when a portion of an affected individual's intestine protrudes through the abdominal muscle opening where the umbilical cord was located. When abdominal tissues protrude through a weak region of the abdominal muscles due to an incision from surgery, it is called an incisional hernia. When a hernia occurs in the top part of the wall of the abdomen below the breastbone and above the navel, it is called an epigastric hernia. A hiatal hernia is characterized by a bulging of the stomach muscle through the diaphragm or muscle that separates a patient's chest and abdomen.

Get familiar with the symptoms of hernias next.

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