Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic disease of the esophageal lining associated with food allergies. Eosinophils, a type of white blood cell, respond to an allergen and begin to collect on the walls of the esophagus. They produce a protein that causes inflammation inside the esophagus. This inflammation leads to scar tissue, constricted esophagus, and the growth of extra tissue. Eosinophilic esophagitisis most commonly found in males living in a dry or cold region and can cause heartburn, chest pain, difficulty in swallowing, pain in the upper abdomen, and vomiting and regurgitation. It can only definitively be diagnosed by endoscopy and biopsy of the esophagus. Reveal the most common symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis now.
Heartburn, like its name suggests, is the feeling of burning near the heart. This pain is behind the sternum and can be felt from the throat to the stomach. Regular heartburn is typically caused by eating spicy foods, consuming alcohol, or overeating. Persistent heartburn, seen with eosinophilic esophagitis, gets worse when an individual lies down and does not improve with medication. Heartburn is the major symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Eosinophilic esophagitis is easily misdiagnosed as GERD, but symptoms do not get better with treatment. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is caused by the relaxation of the sphincter before the stomach, allowing acids to go up into the esophagus, whereas eosinophilic esophagitis is caused by the immune systemâs response to allergens.
Keep reading to learn about more symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis now.